Artificial intelligence according to Milie Taing ( | O Magazine

An entrepreneur in the artificial intelligence sector, Milie Taing founded in 2016. Having seen how much mega projects needed document archeology systems, she helps companies track the precise reasons why they have exceeded their budget. More generally, she explains her philosophy of artificial intelligence. Far from considering the algorithm as a magic wand, is part of a pragmatic approach aimed at freeing humans from time-consuming and repetitive tasks. While allowing him to focus on ‘human’ tasks with higher added value. Interview…

Article written by: ZIEL Jerome

Graduated from EM Lyon, Milie joins the global Canadian leader in major projects. She remembers : “I was specialized in cost control, thanks to my mastery of Excel”. Since 2016, year she based, she now works with data scientists, developers and other specialists. Together they set up a artificial intelligence at the service of major projects, such as mega construction sites for example.

in full growth, hopes to achieve a turnover of one million euros this year. Its clients include world leaders in major projects such asEDF, the Greater Paris Company, Orano, or large groups of construction. ” In effect, she specifies, it is in major construction projects that documentary chaos is most expensive”.’s job: finding the causes of budget overruns

The purpose of is to quickly trace the chronology big projects. Indeed, the consequences of an inability to trace the origin of certain events are potentially devastating. Milie has thus seen in her career millions of euros evaporate and hundreds of jobs destroyed, for lack of a good mastery of document management. “So I wanted to react to this problem by setting up a system to monitor major projects, beyond any reporting. From the writing, we are able to understand what happened”.

Milie Taing (c)

To do this, Milie uses artificial intelligence to analyze e-mails (97% of the documentation investigated), powerpoints, scans, word documents, etc. According to her, “all of this documentation is digested by our algorithms. They open the documents one by one. Then they extract all the sentences and automatically tag them with hashtags, a bit like Twitter. Those hashtags ultimately allow effective documentary research to be carried out”.

Artificial intelligence and documentary archeology

In large projects of the mega construction type, the budget overruns are very common. However, Milie explains to us, “When your budget goes from 100 million to 300 million euros, you have to be able to explain the reason. Bad design? Delay in decision-making? Request for additional services? Above all, you have to be able to attribute responsibility for it”.

To achieve this, provides a service ofdocumentary archeology to find the reason why the initial budget could not be met. “When we are not able to carry out this documentary research (data that is too voluminous and heterogeneous), this can lead to colossal losses, of the order of several billion euros.

The human has the best judgment; the machine, the greatest working capacity

According to Milie, one should not put oneself in competition with artificial intelligence. There are activities for which the human cannot fight. For example, when it comes to reading billions of emails in a few moments. Or when it comes to tracing a chronology from a huge mass of documentation. ” There is no photo, insists Milie: the human will never be able to match the algorithm in this type of task”.

Conversely, artificial intelligence (AI) is ineffective when it comes to motivating men and women. How do you convince someone to do in just three days what they think they can do in at least three weeks? This is one of the many examples illustrating the inability of AI to replace a project manager. In large projects too, affect counts enormously! And this falls within the domain reserved for humans… According to Milie, “AI will never be able to establish these types of interactions. It is therefore necessary to be fully aware of the respective strengths of AI, on the one hand, and humans, on the other”.

Make the human more… human!

Our entrepreneur is therefore reassuring: “There is no competition between AI and human intelligence. Rather, it is necessary to seek their complementarity”. Today, some jobs can be reduced to a series of repetitive, time-consuming tasks with no added value. This is the case, for example, of copy-paste or consolidation. However, these professions consume an incredible amount of resources when performed by humans.

As a result, we are sorely lacking in time to carry out the tasks centered on analysis, interpretation, synthesis or even suggestion, for which humans are more efficient. As Milie explains, “We are therefore seeking to have the machine perform machine tasks, thereby allowing humans to dedicate yourself to real tasks… human! “.

The strengths of France

Milie is a follower of Ricardo, a famous economist of the 19and century, according to which each country must to specialize in areas where it is strongest. As she recalls, ” the France has a long tradition in the big projects. The State has thus shaped the fabric of businesses through its massive investments. As a result, our country has produced (and still produces) engineers of international reputation occupying a position of world leadership”. There is therefore a historical French know-how in terms of major projects. Thus, many infrastructures, whether in Africa, Asia, the Middle East or Latin America, are built by French teams.

Since Eiffel, France has developed a specialty in the design and construction of complex infrastructures that is still unequaled in the world. The French are therefore sought after, not on a cost criterion, but on a criterion of mastery of major projects. This is the case of Veolia, EDF, etc. who are all world leaders in this field. According to Milie, “So we have to protect and nurture our sectors of global excellence (Ponts & Chaussées; Polytechnique)”.

She continues: “France must focus on the areas where it excels. It would be very difficult and probably expensive to want to make a Facebook in France. On the other hand, making a worn by the ecosystem mature hexagonal presents a certain economic logic! »

Artificial intelligence: advocacy for greater diversity

Milie advocates for greater diversity in the artificial intelligence sector. “Take the example of the algorithms used to determine the most promising profiles for hiring, including in the AI ​​sector, she tells us. Men will ‘edit’ their training data and validate their algorithms in some way. Where women would probably do it differently.

According to Milie, “It comes from the sensitivity of women, different. For example, when I find myself in front of a woman, I am very careful to say ‘he or she’. Something that I do not necessarily face a man because I know he will worry less about it”. Similarly, diverse men and women think and test differently. Gold, more thought and data are various, less they are biased.

artificial intelligence AI
(c) Artis777 – iStock

Demystify artificial intelligence

Milie wants to demystify artificial intelligence. According to her, “We are going to have to show ourselves capable of forming non-specialists to artificial intelligence. Why ? AI is everyone’s business, not just computer scientists. It shouldn’t be their exclusive business. Engineers’ designs are biased by their training. This is the reason why it is necessary to mix the profiles to obtain different approaches which enrich the reflection”.

Milie wants to show herself too pedagogue as possible. “Typically, when working on large projects, we need everyone involved to understand what AI is all about. They have to feel perfectly in trust. To do this, they need to understand their points of excellence, as opposed to those of AI”.

Millie continues: “artificial intelligence has no nothing magical! We suffered in our early days from this conception that sees AI as a magic wand. We had to fight hard to deconstruct this myth. No, the AI ​​is not intended to replace humans, nor to make all the decisions for them! » By professing a demystified vision of AI, far from the black box surrounded by mysteries under which she is presented in science fiction works, Milie reconciles the human with artificial intelligence.

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Artificial intelligence according to Milie Taing ( | O Magazine

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