Politics: how has artificial intelligence conquered ministries?

SWISS

SECURITY – It targets risk areas (2019)

In Switzerland, an artificial intelligence system targets the areas most prone to burglaries in real time. Developed in 2019 by the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, the software is based on a large number of demographic data: the density of the population, its age, the different types of infrastructure, or even the proximity of borders. According to its designers, this new method would predict 60% of real burglaries.

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FRANCE

FINANCE – It tracks tax evasion (2021)

Since last October, the General Directorate of Public Finance has been using artificial intelligence software to detect swimming pools and undeclared buildings in 9 French departments. The software identifies anomalies by cross-referencing taxpayer declarations, aerial views and cadastral maps. This deployment follows an experiment carried out in 2019 with a similar system in 3 departments. In a few weeks, around 3,000 untaxed swimming pools had been flushed out in the Alpes-Maritimes.

TRANSPORT – It optimizes air traffic (2021)

In France, the Acropole project, led by the Air Navigation Services Department, uses artificial intelligence tools to optimize the monitoring and evaluation of the environmental impact of air operations. In order to save fuel, it notably studies the efficiency of a trajectory or a group of trajectories using algorithms. This project also makes it possible to follow the evolution, over time, of the environmental impact of a platform or an airline.

UNITED STATES

HOUSING – It analyzes the healthiness of homes (2017)

Identifying homes containing lead and preventing cases of lead poisoning in children is the mission of the artificial intelligence developed by the Chicago Department of Public Health. Thanks to an algorithm developed in-house, it calculates the probability that a house contains too high a level of lead. This method makes it possible to target the dwellings which must be tested as a priority and to anticipate cases of lead poisoning in families. Until then, the tests were only carried out after the appearance of symptoms.

HEALTH – She administers registrations for healthcare plans (2010)

Following the entry into force of the law on health care in 2010, the American government launched a large census program of citizens without health insurance, in order to enroll them in the new health care system. Called Enroll America, this program has used artificial intelligence tools to identify uninsured populations, but also to adapt the various forms of communication according to different categories of populations.

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CHINA

JUSTICE – She plays the role of prosecutor (2020)

Within the People’s Procuratorate of Shanghai Pudong, China, an artificial intelligence takes on the role of prosecutor. Based on a verbal description of the case, the machine is able to make a charge with over 97% accuracy. Trained by getting his hands on more than 17,000 cases between 2015 and 2020, this AI is only able to identify 8 offenses at the moment, including credit card fraud, dangerous driving, intentional injury and the flight.

ENVIRONMENT – It prevents pollution peaks (2014)

To anticipate pollution peaks, Beijing uses an algorithm developed by the American company IBM. The authorities feed it through a myriad of sensors installed in the city, which notably measure the CO2 content in the air, as well as information from the meteorological service. The AI ​​then helps predict whether the Chinese capital is about to experience a high level of pollution. With these results, the authorities can prevent the crisis by temporarily closing certain factories, or through traffic restrictions.

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Politics: how has artificial intelligence conquered ministries?


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