The Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), a service attached to the White House, published, on October 4, his draft Artificial Intelligence (AI) Bill of Rights. Focused around five principlesit should allow U.S. citizens to have more control over the use of their data by algorithmic systems. However, some industry players consider that these measures are not sufficient and suffer from comparison with European regulations.
A project to further regulate artificial intelligence in the United States
The AI rights guidelines proposed by the Biden administration were written in collaboration with companies such as Microsoft and Palantir, groups defense of human rights and the ethics of AI, and the general public generally. These focus on five fundamental points. They stipulate that people:
- Have a right of control on the use of their data personal;
- Have the right to refuse automated decisions by algorithms;
- Have the right to be kept as far away as possible from inefficient and dangerous algorithms ;
- Have the right to know when an artificial intelligence makes a decision About them ;
- Have the right not to be discriminated against by biased algorithms.
Alondra Nelson, OSTP’s deputy director for science and society, told WIRED that “ technologies come and go, but fundamental freedoms, rights, opportunities and access must remain openand it’s the government’s job to make sure that’s the case “. She adds that ” [ce projet]this is the White House saying that workers, students, consumers, communities, everyone [aux États-Unis] should be able to expect and demand better from our technologies “.
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Nevertheless, the draft Declaration of the Rights of Artificial Intelligence will not act as lawas can be the United States Bill of Rights, consisting of the first ten amendments to the US Constitution. It is mostly a non-binding white paper who will target only the use of AI and algorithms by US government agencies. In other words, he will have no power over big tech companies.
A half-hearted welcome
The reception of this announcement, which marks the beginning of artificial intelligence regulations in the United States, was mixed to say the least. Some leaders of large companies in the Tech sector such as Eric Schmidt, former chairman and CEO of Google, consider that these directives risk limiting innovation. ” There’s too much that early regulation could keep from discovering “, he told the wall street journal.
Others, like Mark Surman, executive director of the Mozilla Foundation behind the Firefox browser, welcome the position of the government. He precise to the American media that ” The AI systems that permeate our lives are often built in a way that goes against one or more of these principles. They are designed to collect data personal, to be intentionally opaque and to learn from existing, often biased, datasets “. Furthermore, it calls on federal legislators to develop a formal and enforceable framework as quickly as possible.
Europe as an example?
If for many players in the sector, these directives are ultimately harmless, it is because they are compared to European legislation relating to artificial intelligence. Since 2018, the European Commission seeks to regulate AI systems on European territory. To achieve this, she began to define the“Artificial Intelligence Act”a project aimed at regulating the use of artificial intelligence in Europe.
Through this, it wishes to prevent potential dangers inherent in the use of AI while holding accountable companies that cause harm by using these technologies. She can also rely on her General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) to ensure that companies in the industry cannot collect data from Europeans as they see fit.
For Peter van der Putten, director of the AI research lab for software company Pegasystems, “ at the World level, the United States is catching upbut in an increasingly global market, many American companies are forced to comply with foreign policies “. There’s still a long way to go for AI regulations in Uncle Sam’s land reach the level of those of the European Union.
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The White House begins to regulate the use of artificial intelligence
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