The French Association for IT and Telecommunications Law (Afdit) has been serving the technology law community in France since 1985. It brings together lawyers, corporate lawyers, academics, magistrates and engineers to exchange ideas and examine in depth information technology law and digital. On November 24, the Association held a symposium entitled “AI in all its forms: the law as a lever for growth”, co-organized by the professors Herve Causse and Celine Castets-Renard. On this occasion, it brought together its members and partners, including Jerome HuetEmeritus Professor of Private Law, Katya Lainepresident of the AI commission of Numeum, the professors Anastasia Iliopoulou-Penot and Jean-Sebastien Borghettior Philippe Coenpresident of the NGO Respect Zone and vice-president of the AFJE, Stephanie Lecerfpresident of the association “A skill equal”, member of the ethics committee on AI at Pôle emploi and Thomas SmallDirector of Digital Transformation and Information Systems at ManpowerGroup.
The objective of this event, to share a reflection around the complex subject that is AI and which has a rich legal, sociological and technical dimension. After a few months of shutdown linked to the pandemic, the association resumed its activities and, as specified Isabelle Gavanonwill be very active in 2023 to decipher all the texts that are in the process of being adopted within the European Union.
What is Artificial Intelligence?
Today, the definition of AI is that given by the European Commission in its draft regulations of April 2021., the artificial intelligence act (AI Act). AI is software that can, for a set of human-defined objectives, generate results such as content, predictions, recommendations, decisions that influence the environments in which the software interacts. As Isabelle Gavanon pointed out, this definition is very broad and quite abstract. The objective of the conference was therefore to give substance to this notion, with the help of the experts present. Artificial intelligence was developed with relatively old technologies that have been enriched over the past 70 years. Indeed, artificial intelligence was evoked in the 1950s by the English mathematician Alan Turing, who wondered if machines could think. This question has also caused the fear of scientists since beyond the ability to think of these machines, there was the question of their ability to take power. “Hence the need to have a awarenessa ethics associated with this capacity of machines to be able to think and produce information and analysis”, specified the vice-presidency of Afdit.
The “dark side” of AI still a cause for concern
Since the 1950s, many works have followed one another, requiring very substantial financial investments. Even today, some high-profile experts, such as Stéphane Hawking or Bill Gates, are wondering about the dangerousness of information processing by AI. Some experts also wonder about the problem of killer robots, which become real automatic weapons. “On what can be called the dark side of the force, maximum vigilance is required,” insisted Isabelle Gavanon. In this context, many texts have been adopted for several years to provide a framework for this technological innovation and to ensure that “ethical obstacles are not a hindrance to the adoption, purely and simply, of these innovations, which reach maturity after almost 70 years of journey,” she added.
The symposium thus followed a triple analysis of AI from a legal point of view: the way in which AI is illustrated in the very absence of prior legislation, the legal translation to be given to the notion of ethics of AI, and responsibility as it is currently envisaged by European texts. A rich program to decipher the latest news from this technology which offers as much progress as it raises questions.
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Afdit: members and partners gathered around the legal news of artificial intelligence
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