In France, artificial intelligence is used in the context of tax audits. It is used to detect anomalies in order to propose the initiation of a tax audit. However, its results are disappointing, consider the association Attac and the Solidarity Trade Unionwith support from CGT Finance and of Solidarity in public finance.
Artificial intelligence to be used in support of research services
However, even if its results are disappointing, artificial intelligence is an interesting tool to use in support of research services. This is what these same actors indicate. Their findings are presented in the document entitled “Tax, social and social benefits fraud: do not get the wrong target”, published on March 30, 2022.
In 2019, artificial intelligence accounted for 22% of the number of tax audits, and had only recovered 785 million euros out of a total of 12.1 billion euros collected according to a Senate report of July 22, 2020, quoted by Attac and the Union Syndicale Solidaires. Within the State, it is the “requests and valuation mission” or MRV that analyzes the data. Created in 2013, it brought together around thirty people at the end of 2020 to process 200 TB of data.
The 2020 Senate report points out that the profitability ratio remains much lower for controls targeted by artificial intelligence or datamining and having given rise to rectification. This fuels the feeling that datamining is slow to produce its effects and it also leads to questions about the targeting of files by the MRV, indicated the Senate report.
In 2021, artificial intelligence was behind 45% of tax audits
The Attac and Solidaires document states that in 2021, artificial intelligence was at the origin of 45% of tax audits and made it possible to notify 1.2 billion euros of rights and penalties, or 8.9 % of tax audit results. The authors find the result disappointing and are surprised that the public authorities want artificial intelligence to represent half of the programming of tax audits in 2022.
Despite everything, the document from Attac and the Union Syndicale Solidaires finds that artificial intelligence is generally an interesting tool. But, for editors, artificial intelligence must support research, programming and control services without replacing them. ” This is an important point to reaffirm to ensure proper use of the data by the services insists the document. The editors ask for more jobs in the administration services and better training. ” It is essential for the reliability, the exhaustiveness, the exploitation of the data, their analysis and their adequacy with the economic fabric » declare the authors.
Other requests include improved coordination between data processing and programming to facilitate data mining and allow ‘feedback’ to better direct fraud detection. The document also calls for data to be enriched and decompartmentalised to facilitate access for agents, subject to appropriate training.
Take into account contextual elements
The document calls for better use of data outside of tax declarations to have a more global view of companies and individuals, taking into account contextual elements such as the assets and behavior of managers, tax history, etc. Finally, the document calls for directing data mining towards the processing of data from the register of beneficial owners, country-by-country declarations and business registers from other countries.
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Tax control: artificial intelligence, disappointing but to be used in support according to a union document
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