Taxis from the air in the sky of cities in ten years? “The landscape will change”, promises an expert

Several Californian companies are actively preparing for this future of mobility, a remedy for traffic jams and pollution. In a hangar in Concord, San Francisco Bay, Xwing is focused on the most confusing factor of the equation: making any vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft, airplane or plane, at fossil or electric fuel, can taxi, take off, fly and land on its own. And talk to passengers at the same time.


“The plane is a good student”

Ryan Olson sits at the controls, ready for a journey where he won’t touch the dashboard or the joystick, like an instructor with a well-advanced apprentice. “The plane is a good student, unlike humans who behave differently each time,” says the pilot. Equipped with cameras, servers, radars, lidars and other sensors, the Cessna Caravan is already self-sufficient in good weather, and Xwing is working to make it capable of facing bad weather on its own.

In February, an electric VTOL (eVTOL) from Joby crashed during a remotely piloted flight. “It’s bad for the whole industry when there’s an accident […] But that’s what testing is for,” says Louise Bristow, vice-president of Archer, another company. Archer and Joby’s eVTOLs look like helicopters but with one wing and multiple propellers. They hope to launch their first air taxi services by the end of 2024, with pilots. Wisk Aero, a startup from Boeing and Larry Page – co-founder of Google -, is working on an autonomous eVTOL.

Archer has received a pre-order from United Airlines for 200 vehicles and is targeting Los Angeles and Miami to start. “We are building the Uber of the sky,” says Louise Bristow. She estimates ten years the time needed “for there to be enough devices in service, for people to get used to moving around like this, and for you to feel the difference” in the cities. According to Scott Drennan, a consultant in new air mobility, these dreamlike visions are taking shape through the convergence of three technologies: electric power, computing capabilities and autonomy systems.

Marc Piette, boss of Xwing.

Marc Piette, boss of Xwing.


Infrastructure to be created

But while technology is on the right track, companies face two major challenges: certification and infrastructure. The authorities are not reluctant but obtaining their agreement “will take longer than you think”, underlines the expert. It will also be necessary to build “vertiports” (vertical airports), and “a digital interface to manage air traffic and the communication of vehicles between them”. So many reasons why Xwing has chosen to start with autonomy. “We took an existing, well-known device. We make the minimum modifications to convert it into an autonomous aircraft and have it certified, and then we can explore other applications,” sums up Marc Piette.

Doing without pilots should make it possible to reduce costs and meet the demand in underserved regions, which lack neither airports nor planes but many manpower. The startup plans to first equip machines responsible for delivering goods, with a view to commercial operations within two years, before moving on to passengers. The boss knows that he will face resistance but he is convinced that these flights will be safer. “The vast majority of air accidents are caused by human error”, he notes, before recalling that thanks to the autopilot, “people already fly on their own for the most part”.

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Taxis from the air in the sky of cities in ten years? “The landscape will change”, promises an expert

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