The rise of “cobots”, the robots of the future for companies?

Robots are revolutionizing the world of work. They are spreading in all major industries. As more and more money is poured into automation, will the increased presence of robots create new job opportunities or put millions of people out of work?

Automation has been growing rapidly since the 1960s. And artificial intelligence has multiplied the ways robotics can improve our lives. In recent years, even the most “typically human” interactions have been mechanized.

Take the example of a restaurant. The robots are now used as waiters and cleaning staff. But there is a restaurant in Paris that uses a different recipe.

In Paris, the robot-pizzaiolo

A robot named “Pazzi” prepares and serves up to 80 pizzas per hour without any human intervention. The process is simple and transparent: the customer places his order on an automatic terminal before the robot’s articulated arms flatten the dough, spread the sauce, add the ingredients – all organic – and put the pizza in the oven. The pizza is picked up with a QR code.

The most difficult technologically was to master the organic. The dough is a living element, there are yeasts. The product has characteristics that are not constant. Sauces can have different viscosities. And so it was extremely complex to develop a technology capable of managing any type of ingredient in total autonomy, while respecting the products“, explains Sébastien Roverso, co-founder of Pazzi.

“Robotics can process these cooking methods much easier, much faster and much more qualitatively than a kitchen brigade. This is the advantage of robotics, which has already helped all sectors of activity. It n There’s no reason why it shouldn’t be used in the fast food industry,” said Philippe Goldman, CEO of Pazzi Robotics.

And although this technology has a cost: around 300,000 euros, the founders say that using robots will save chefs money to reinvest in quality ingredients.

By 2025, 85 million jobs “displaced”

The service industry is just one of the sectors among those experiencing a high rate of automation. According to the World Economic Forum, human workers will be replaced by robots faster than we think. At the current rate, up to 85 million jobs could be displaced by 2025.

But the organization also believes that automation will create more jobs than it eliminates. It predicts that 97 million new jobs will be needed over the same period. And as competition rages between companies, global spending on robotics is expected to hit $242 billion as early as next year.

The rise of “cobots”

There are also companies looking to understand how robots and humans can work together. A company at the forefront of automation is ABB.

There are two vectors that explain the increase in the use of robots according to Marc Marc Segura, president of the robotics division of ABB. “E-commerce is one. And the other is “cobots”, “cobotics” and their desire to make robotics accessible. And this for a greater number of companies, especially small and medium-sized ones.

Because, what we need to reduce are two things: the total cost of ownership and the total cost of integration, which requires simpler and lighter robots that do not need a lot of ancillary equipment to perform certain tasks.

So lean, easy-to-use, affordable, easy-to-deploy robots. It’s really happening. This will allow many other companies to adopt robotics and benefit from the profits it brings.

Nahia Orduna is a technical lead in the field of cloud computing and author of the book “Your Digital Reinvention”. “_I am convinced that robots will not steal our jobs. 85 million jobs will be displaced by a transfer of work between machines and humans. But 97 million jobs will appear. And these are the new jobs, the jobs of tomorrow ! _

_I live in Germany, in the center of Munich. My favorite restaurant is Italian. Every time I go there, I am greeted by the waiters. And I don’t care to know that the pizza is maybe made by a robot in the kitchen. The Italian waiter makes me feel like I’m on vacation in Italy and he’s not going away._All this human interaction is not likely to be automated because it emanates from our human experience »

Three other business facts in brief

Spain publishes its GDP for the first quarter. Economic activity slowed in the first half of 2022, due to rising inflation and supply chain bottlenecks. But GDP growth is expected to remain high at 5.5% for the year. And tourism revenues are not expected to reach pre-pandemic levels until at least 2023.

France has published its business confidence indicator for the month of May. The re-election of President Emmanuel Macron in April bodes well for the business climate in the country. Macron will seek to continue pushing for business-friendly national reforms.

And FedEx publishes its results for the fourth quarter. In April, the logistics giant began increasing its fuel surcharges on customers for its land and air operations to keep pace with rising oil prices. It is also the company’s first earnings report under a new CEO and President.

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The rise of “cobots”, the robots of the future for companies?


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