New rules to boost data sharing within the EU | News | European Parliament

The Data Governance Act (DGA), negotiated with the Council in November 2021, aims to increase trust in data sharing, create new European rules on the neutrality of data markets and facilitate the reuse of data. certain data held by the public sector. She will put in place common European data spaces in strategic areas such as health, environment, energy, agriculture, mobility, finance, manufacturing, public administration and skills.

In negotiations with EU ministers, MEPs ensured that there were no loopholes that would allow operators from third countries to abuse the system. They have strengthened the trust and fair access provisions. Parliament also obtained specific requirements on the services that will come under the new DGA.

Support research, health care and the fight against climate change

MEPs pushed to make the most of data made available voluntarily for purposes of general interest, such as scientific research, healthcare, the fight against climate change or improving mobility. Trusted data sharing services will be more visible and use a common European logo certifying their compliance with the DGA.

Public sector bodies should avoid creating exclusive rights for the reuse of certain data, and exclusive agreements should be limited to a period of 12 months for new contracts, and two and a half years for existing contracts, in order to make more data available to SMEs and start-ups.


“Our goal with the DGA is to lay the foundations for a data economy that people and businesses can trust. Data sharing can only flourish if trust and fairness are guaranteed, thus stimulating new business models and social innovation Experience has shown that trust – whether it is trust in privacy or in the confidentiality of valuable business data – is a paramount issue. Parliament insisted on a clear scope, ensuring that the creed of trust is embedded in the future of Europe’s data economy,” said rapporteur Angelika Niebler (EPP, DE).

“We are at the start of the age of artificial intelligence and Europe will need more and more data. This legislation should make it easy and safe to exploit the rich data silos spread across the EU. “The data revolution will not wait for Europe. We must act now if European digital companies are to have a place among the world’s top digital innovators,” she added.

Next steps

The text was approved by Parliament with 501 votes for, 12 votes against and 40 abstentions. It will now have to be formally adopted by the Council before being published in the Official Journal and entering into force.


According to European Commission estimatesthe amount of data generated by public bodies, businesses and citizens will increase fivefold between 2018 and 2025. These new rules will make it possible to use this data, paving the way for sector-specific European data spaces for the benefit of society. , citizens and businesses.

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New rules to boost data sharing within the EU | News | European Parliament

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