Smart building: all about smart buildings

Whether we are ready or not, the smart building will become the norm in terms of construction. While industry, commerce and a large number of sectors are becoming ever smarter, it is now up to the building sector to transform itself into a real service platform, intended to facilitate the daily lives of occupants, operators and managers. . This is thanks in particular to the IoT.

If for a long time, the main innovations in the building sector only concerned materials and construction methods, with the democratization of digital technology and the digitalizationbuildings always carry more than advanced technologies. They are commonly called the Smart Building, also known as the intelligent building or the connected building.

From now on, offices, shopping centers or even production sites are transformed into real highly scalable platforms around which revolve a wide range of services. From a building as a service perspective, these allow intelligent management of the energy managementthe interventions of the various service providers, the occupation of the rooms or the maintenance of the various equipment.

Smart building in a nutshell

Smart building refers to a wide range of digital technologies allowing the collection of data in real time and their transmission to a software platform. SaaS. And this, completely anonymously and securely. Then, restoring the data to a business interface intended for the monitoring, control and modification of the behavior of technical equipment: heating, ventilation, air conditioning, lighting, security, etc.

Clearly, the smart buildings are connected via communication networks, management buses and their sensors, connected actuators as well as different flows. These are controlled by a centralized automation system who will establish the rules of interaction. They are also interconnected by gateways capable of exchanging data of various kinds. It is this absence of barriers that makes the building truly intelligent.

In detail, the concept of smart building aims to integrate highly scalable solutions whose main mission is to optimize the resource management and the energy consumption. But also to reduce pollution, improve user safety as well as the quality of life of users and their comfort. This, while respecting all the standards and regulations in force.

Indeed, smart buildings are no longer only responsible for energy management, they must also ensure:

  • Building security and access management
  • internet connectivity
  • The interactivity of occupants, managers and operators with the building environment. This thanks to connected objectssmartphone applications and various sensors
  • The collection and analysis of real data as well as alerts intended to optimize the monitoring and predictive maintenance the condition of the building and its equipment. In particular thanks to one or more dashboards.
  • The automation of a certain number of actions thanks to theartificial intelligence

The main advantages of smart buildings for companies

In general, the smart building is a open ecosystem equipped with a set of innovative solutions. Its main objective is:

Improve occupant comfort, safety and environment

In fact, the intelligent building responds to environmental issues. In particular that of optimizing the energetic performance of at least 40% of tertiary buildings by 2030. Among other things, the smart building makes it possible, on the one hand, to limit the overbidding of useless constructions. On the other hand, to ensure real-time supervision of the ambient conditions within the premises.

But, beyond promoting energy savings, the smart building also makes it possible to simplify everyday life users. This in particular thanks to the remote management of equipment.

In addition, the smart building is also the guarantor of the well-being and comfort of users. This in particular by increasing the fabric of trust between employees and their workplace. But also by guaranteeing the use intuitive and fast spaces. Such as unassigned positions or the meeting room.

Especially since the intelligent building also puts employee satisfaction at the center of all attention. This allows malfunctions to be reported in real time.

In addition, the smart building satisfies the requirements of new safety standards of heritage. In this case, by allowing the centralization of data, it makes it possible to secure access to buildings. This thanks to badge reading, voice recognition or even biometrics

Reduce building operating costs

In addition to environmental issues, smart building also responds to economic issues. On the one hand, it considerably reduces the costs linked to the operating phase (which represents about 80% of the total life cycle costs of a building).

On the other hand, it allows to monitor in real time the state of the installations in order to limit the costs related to the repair.

Indeed, by quickly sending alerts by SMS or email to the after-sales service in the event of an anomaly or malfunction, the smart building allows intervention as soon as possible and considerably limits additional costs.

In addition, thanks to the data collected, the after-sales service can trigger repair interventions. preventive way on the equipment. This will not only help to optimize costs. But also to increase the productivity of operational teams and by strengthening security.

Anticipate trends in occupancy and use of premises

On the one hand, the smart building also promotes the adoption of new working practices such as flex-office to ensure efficient sizing of spaces, organizational flexibility and healthy working conditions.

On the other hand, the connected building allows the company to enhance its real estate asset, in particular by allowing precise and continuous knowledge of theactual occupancy within the premises. This again makes it possible to optimize uses and spaces. This, while anticipating future needs.

Smart building: the disadvantages

Despite its myriad advantages, the smart building is not free from disadvantages either. Among which :

Cybersecurity

Connecting the various equipment in the building to the internet presents a great risk in terms of security. And especially if the company opts for cheap IoT solutions. In fact, the latter are not always equipped with the best security software. They can thus be easy targets for hackers.

High installation costs

If the intelligent building makes it possible to reduce the operating costs of the building in the long term, it should also be known that the installation of intelligent technologies represents a initial investment quite substantial. Especially for small businesses. Of course, installation costs largely depend on the size of the building and the number of solutions installed.

Connectivity

To be able to take advantage of the full potential of smart technologies, the smart building requires a Internet connection constant and reliable. Which again can very quickly become a disadvantage. Nevertheless, network operators today are constantly innovating to provide their users with stable and secure connectivity anytime and anywhere.

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Smart building: all about smart buildings


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