Cannes: first world festival of artificial intelligence, between “digital revolution” and “danger”, we take stock with scientists

From April 14 to 16, the city of Cannes in the Alpes-Maritimes, presents the major innovations of Artificial Intelligence. A world first that brings together more than 300 researchers. Overview of its many challenges.

Sport, health, journalism, economy, army… it affects all areas.

Artificial Intelligence (AI), is a process of imitation of human intelligence based on the creation and application of algorithms. Its purpose, to allow computers to think and act like human beings.

For the first time, a festival located in Cannes from April 14 to 16 will exhibit major innovations in artificial intelligence (augmented medicine, virtual assistants, autonomous cars, robot vacuum cleaners, etc.)

Local example, tennis champion Jo-Wilfried Tsonga, in partnership with the Alpes-Maritimes department, uses a new training system, which combines a drone and artificial intelligence.

Here is a demonstration:

During the festival, the public will be made aware of the economic, human, ethical and social challenges of the AI ​​sector, which is changing rapidly and has multiple variations.

AI can be a way to resolve certain contemporary crises. Séréna Villata, researcher at the CNRS, within the 3IA Côte d’Azur institute, specifies:

During the health crisis, AI made it possible to analyze a lot of medical data to help doctors. It has also made it possible to fight against online disinformation during the pandemic or even currently with the war in Ukraine.

According to his counterpart, Charles Bouvayron, also co-director of the institute, AI is only one “additional tool”which is not intended to “replace the man”. Yet in France, it is used almost everywhere, in newsrooms, cars or even by some doctors, to detect a tumor.

The researcher adds:

The human being will thus be able to concentrate on more difficult, more pleasant tasks, AI on the more routine side. The man will be there to bring his expertise.

The first two days dedicated to professionals will offer an exhibition site of 9,000m2. The third day will welcome the general public for a fun and educational immersion.

“There are 50% of French companies, including local ones, and others who come to us from all over the world”Explain Olivier Cadi the organizer of the festival.

In total, 10,000 participants and 300 speakers are expected.

The general public discovered it barely 50 years ago. However, artificial intelligence has interested the scientific body since the 1950s. Today, it raises many ethical questions. In April 2020, the Arte channel broadcast the documentary “All watched: 7 billion suspects”, 1h30 to demonstrate the limits and risks of AI, with mass surveillance.

In Nice, the police use smart cameras that analyze emotions and behavior citizents. Marked by the truck attack of July 14, 2016, which left 86 dead, and occurred despite the 2,000 cameras scanning the city, Nice is now at the forefront of experimentation.

Problem, facial recognition thanks to AI does not always work well, and is sometimes dangerous. Serena Villata adds:

you have to be aware of its limits, the AI ​​is not autonomous. It is powerful, so it must be framed

Setting up a legal or even ethical charter for AI is a necessity in order to protect user data (within the framework of “chatbot” in particular), avoid “transhumanism” or even ensure that algorithms are not misused.

Charles Bouvayron Explain : when electricity arrived, people were refractory, today they discover a new powerful transforming technology that is AI, they are fearful whereas if it is well framed, it is an extraordinary complementary tool.

The other fears that of global warming. If AI is used to identify certain upheavals in fauna and flora, it also contributes to the carbon footprint. Indeed, to make the algorithms efficient, the necessary computing power is increased and so is the carbon footprint.

This is the new challenge for researchers: to ensure the proper functioning of the tools and respect for the planet.

In April 2021, the approach of the European Commission in the field of artificial intelligence is based on the identification and management of risks, according to the fields of application, public or private, concerned:

  • the unacceptable risks in the field of security, livelihoods and human rights;
  • the high risks in areas affecting critical infrastructure (energy, transport, etc.), education, vocational training, employment, human resources, essential private and public services, law enforcement, justice, democratic processes …

Thus, the biometric identification systems remotely based on AI, are considered high risk and the Commission recalls the prohibition of their use in the public space and in real time “for the purpose of maintaining order“apart from specific cases supervised judicially.

In sectors where risks are limited, the Commission recommends transparency of information on the presence of AI. In other areas of application such as video games or anti-spam filters, risks related to the presence of the AI ​​are considered minimal and do not require any specific supervision.

The law of August 2, 2021 on bioethics has introduced an information obligation for professionals using artificial intelligence (AI) in the field of health

What is a metaverse? Well, it’s a virtual world. The term is regularly used to describe a future version of the Internet where virtual, persistent and shared spaces are accessible via 3D interaction.

In parallel with its AI festival, in partnership with the Cannes company Pertimm, Cannes becomes the first European city to digitize the emblematic sites of its territory (Sainte-Marguerite Island, Boulevard de la Croisette, Palais des Festivals and Congresses, etc.) in the form of digital data.

Today, Cannes is taking a new turn to promote its heritage beyond all borders.

David Lisnard, mayor (LR) of Cannes

These places and buildings that make Cannes unique will be integrated into the blockchain, then sold, in the form of unique intangible assets, at an auction on the occasion of the Cannes Lions International Festival of Creativity of June 20 to 24, 2022. Part of the money raised will be donated to the Cannes Foundation and will be used to develop projects for the protection of the environment.

Acquirers can then implement this digital data in a metaverse platform of their choice.

We wish to say thanks to the writer of this short article for this remarkable material

Cannes: first world festival of artificial intelligence, between “digital revolution” and “danger”, we take stock with scientists

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