IT: More requests and fewer offers
In the era of digitization of services, information technology engineers (IT for Information Technology) have become eminently important players in the development of any company. As a result, the Tech sector is doing well in terms of employment, although in reality, the profiles sought remain increasingly rare. In order to develop their services or digitize to align with current requirements, Moroccan or foreign companies are constantly looking for IT profiles that remain as expensive as they are rare.
“According to our findings, the profession of computer scientist is the profession of the future sought in Morocco as in Europe”, indicated Philippe Montant, general manager of “Rekrute”. And to add: “IT profiles are increasingly rare given the constant needs of the market”. The field of information technology encompasses, in fact, the creation, processing, securing, storage and exchange of electronic data using computers, networks and devices.
Therefore, any company operating in this field calls on a well-seasoned team to ensure the achievement of the various missions. According to the CEO of “Rekrute”, the IT developer, or as he calls it “the backroom” who develops the machine, is one of the most sought-after profiles to form an IT team. This is responsible for analyzing user needs to create the software at the customer’s request by making the necessary changes.
In addition to the technical aspect, the profession of Graphic designer is now in high demand in the labor market. He continues to attract the interest of recruiters thanks to his creative spirit and his artistic imprint. The flight of Moroccan engineers leaves the ground empty for ever-increasing demand. This is, in fact, a problem from which the sector still suffers, and which unfortunately persists and therefore weighs on the Moroccan market, which continues to express its need for computer and digital skills. According to the Moroccan Federation of Information Technologies, Telecommunications and Offshoring (APEBI), three foreign companies come every two weeks to recruit around ten engineers. An alarming observation which is expensive for the Kingdom and which risks, according to experts, delaying the construction of the digital transition.
Indeed, employers foresee the needs without being able to decide easily, because they doubt the economic recovery, especially with the international trend which makes a crisis to come plausible rather than a recovery. In addition to the constant need for computer and multimedia engineers, which is now becoming a necessity to support technological change in the Kingdom, employers are looking for engineers in the automotive and aeronautics. These two star sectors of the chessboard of the industry on which the Kingdom counts a lot to distinguish itself as a competitive platform, conceal a strong potential for jobs for young Moroccans. A reality that can be seen in job sites where dozens of offers appear every day with the mention “urgent”. Hence the need, according to recruitment firms, to properly prepare future engineers at university level for these professions, particularly in the field of artificial intelligence.
For Essaid Bellal, founder of the firm “DIORH”, it is the one and only way for Morocco to gain its human resources without having to look for them elsewhere. On the other hand, the trade and distribution sector is positioned as one of the pillars of the national economy and the second provider of jobs at the national level. It encompasses, according to statistics available from the Ministry of Industry and Commence in 2017, more than 13% of the working population of the Kingdom, i.e. 1.56 million people. Call centers also perform well in the field of work.
Indeed, according to Philippe Amount, they recruit a large number of young people. The jobs offered, according to our interlocutor, allow young people to acquire important linguistic and communication skills, which are in constant demand in the job market. In order to be able to integrate the labor market, Essaid Bellal recalls the importance of versatility and agility in order to be able to respond to customer requests, the acquisition of soft skills, languages, general culture, a sense of curiosity but also availability for continuing education.
And to underline, in this sense, that despite the efforts made within schools and universities to develop these skills in the student, the work on this register still remains below expectations given the insufficiency of the programs in this direction. Despite a notorious performance in certain fields in Morocco, Bellal Essaid thinks, like many specialists in recruitment firms, that there is hesitation on the part of the employer vis-à-vis the supply of available human resources. “The job market remains almost unpredictable, where business leaders are reluctant to decide on their human resource needs”, he remarked, adding that “the employer doubts a real economic recovery, especially with the international trend which points to a coming crisis rather than a recovery”.
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