In the past, we have already told you about the famous geoglyphs of Nazcamore commonly called Nazca lineswith notably Discovery of an unexpected animal a few years ago, thus reminding us that this peruvian desert was still hiding many secrets. But a recent reportpublished last week, shed light on the discovery more than one hundred of new designs in the lines and geoglyphs of Nazca and Pampas de Jumana, and its surroundings.
168 new geoglyphs discovered
Geoglyphs designate, in archaeology, a set of patterns drawn on the ground, over long distances, and which are only visible from a very great height. Among the most famous, we find the famous Nazca lines, visible in the province of the same name, which is located in southern Peru. These geoglyphs were made by an ancient pre-Inca civilization, between about 100 BC. AD and 300 AD. AD.
These mysterious drawings have been part of the UNESCO World Heritage since 1994, and are the subject of many studies. And precisely, a recent report was published last week by a research group from the University of Yamagata, who had already researched the subject a few years earlier. Led by Professor Masato Sakai, the report announces the discovery of 168 new geoglyphs in the region.
On these new geoglyphs, one can discern representations of all kinds, such as human beings, but also birds, felines, snakes and other animals. The report explains that by adding these 168 geoglyphs to the 190 discovered until 2018, we get a total of 358 geoglyphs. These were created by removing black stones from the surface of the ground, exposing a hidden white sandy surface just below. The geoglyphs in question were discovered by the research group thanks to the use of aerial photos and drones used in previous field surveys.
The report also tells us that current research suggests that there are two types of geoglyphs, namely so-called “linear” geoglyphs, and others that are more “in relief”. The Yamagata University research group then explains this:
Among the geoglyphs discovered in this study, only five are of the first type, while 163 are of the second. Most geoglyphs of the latter type are small, less than 10 meters in diameter, and are mainly distributed along ancient paths.
It is in particular thanks to the research of the Japanese university that the places have been preserved. Indeed between 2014 and 2015, the University of Yamagata announced that it had discovered several dozen geoglyphs in the region, thus allowing the creation of an archaeological park in 2017, in collaboration with the Peruvian government.
The Japanese research group then wishes to use the results of this study to launch a new study based on artificial intelligencewhich would allow them in particular to be able to study the distribution pattern of these Nazca geoglyphs.
And to find out what is this incredible discovery at the bottom of the Indian Ocean that remains unexplainedsee our previous article on the subject, just here.
We want to say thanks to the writer of this write-up for this incredible material
Geoglyph: these Japanese scientists have discovered more than a hundred new drawings in the Nazca lines
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