Artificial intelligence: A national strategy is needed

This technology comes with many ethical and data protection challenges

A study by Policy Center that has just been published examines the issues of artificial intelligence in Morocco and the need to legally regulate this technology. Entitled “Artificial intelligence in Morocco: between regulatory framework and economic strategy”, this new analysis reveals that it is currently experiencing considerable growth in Morocco. It is particularly applicable in the areas of image processing such as radars recognizing registration numbers, cameras installed in cities such as Casablanca or Marrakech managing traffic traffic, satellite images applied in the field of agriculture, organization of public transport in the major cities of Casablanca, Rabat and Marrakech or, even, the installation of a facial recognition system at Rabat-Salé airport. Over the next few years, Morocco should experience an acceleration in the deployment of artificial intelligence in several sectors.

According to the study, “the progress made by artificial intelligence suggests a new cycle of economic growth, which could benefit Morocco if it manages to master the keystone of the fourth industrial revolution”. Thus, it could allow Moroccan citizens to access better health care, safer cars and other modes of transport, as well as less expensive services, better adapted to their needs and with a longer lifespan. . From a business perspective, artificial intelligence can support the development of a new generation of products and services.

When used in public services, artificial intelligence can reduce costs and provide new opportunities in public transport, education, energy, waste management and can improve sustainability some products. In addition, experts predict that artificial intelligence will be more frequently employed in the justice system and in crime prevention, with massive sets of data analyzed quickly, a finer assessment of the risks associated with certain criminal profiles, even the emergence of systems capable of predicting and preventing terrorist attacks. It is already used by online platforms to detect illegal or dangerous behavior in social networks.

That said, this technology has many challenges that will lead the regulations to constant evolution, particularly with regard to the ethical issues raised by this technology. And therefore, the development of a Moroccan strategy specific to artificial intelligence aimed at putting this technology at the service of citizens, while stimulating the country’s competitiveness in this field, is essential.

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Artificial intelligence: A national strategy is needed

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