The creation of this council is part of axis 16 of the customs strategy (“Ensuring the influence of customs and developing cooperation with external administrations and partners”), which provides in particular for the establishment of a prospective function in customs. It also responds to a recommendation issued by the Council of State in its report of April 26, 20181 on risk management.
This is a joint initiative of the National Customs School of Tourcoing and the strategy delegation.
I/ Missions of the customs scientific council
The forward-looking mission provided for in axis 16 must enable customs to react and anticipate in the face of challenges and opportunities:
- Which arise for it in its core business of border and merchandise (economic and logistical changes, evolution of crime).
- In the new tools that are developing (massive data, artificial intelligence, blockchain, etc.).
In this perspective, the scientific council aims to establish mutual and nourished relations between the customs, and the academic world. The Board is thus composed of members with a recognized academic experience, on a voluntary basis2. In addition, the work of the scientific council could usefully draw on the experiences of practitioners and administrators, who may have the status of associate members.
As a multidisciplinary body, the scientific council must allow enlighten customs with the most recent advances research in all of its areas of interest, including law, international economics, logistics, criminology, sociology, data science, artificial intelligence, drones and robotics.
The Scientific Board will also aim to promote the role of customs in research work and with students, in particular through the publication of reports and scientific articles.
II/ Principles of operation
The Board may be questioned by the Chief Executive Officer or by her departments. Services are encouraged to propose research themes to the scientific council, to benefit from his expertise. The point of contact for a request from the scientific council is the strategy delegation.
The board can also to seize spontaneously any question, observation or recommendation that it deems relevant.
On this basis, the council will establish its work program, which it can carry out on its own or entrust it to doctoral or post-doctoral students.3. As part of its work, the scientific council will be able to benefit from access to customs data and expertise central and decentralized services, in compliance with the regulations applicable to scientific work. To do this, the Strategy Delegation and the National Customs School of Tourcoing will act as an interface between the Scientific Board and Customs.
The scientific council will be free in its analyzes and conclusions. Except in the context of confidential studies, his work may be published, under his responsibility.
III/ Next steps
The Customs scientific council includes 19 founding members. The presidency of the Scientific Council was entrusted by the Director General of Customs to Mr. Serge SUR, Emeritus Professor of International Law at the University of Paris II.
The installation meeting of the scientific council was held on May 5, 2022, at the headquarters of the DGDDI. Its agenda is formal (presentation of customs, draft decisions for the creation of the scientific council and internal regulations). The Scientific Council’s work program will be established at a second meeting, in July 2022.
Members of the Customs Scientific Council
|Mr Serge SUR||Professor emeritus of public law (sp. international law), Univ. Paris II
President of the Scientific Council
|Mr Jean-Luc ALBERT||Professor of public law (sp. public finance law, tax law, customs law), Aix-Marseille University|
|Mr. Alain BAUER||Professor of criminology, CNAM|
|Mr Olivier BORRAZ||Director of the Center for the Sociology of Organizations CNRS – Sciences Po|
|Mr. Thomas CANTENS||Head of the WCO Research Unit, Professor of Social Anthropology at the University of Auvergne|
|Mr Emmanuel CASTELLARIN||Professor of public law (sp. international law), Univ. from Strasbourg|
|Mr. Hervé CAUSSE||Professor of Commercial and Business Law, Univ. from Clermont-Auvergne|
|Mr. Raja CHATILA||Research Director at CNRS, Director of the Institute for Intelligent Systems and Robotics|
|Ms Marie-Christine DUPUIS-DANON||Consultant, specialist in financial criminology|
|Mr Franck DURAND||Professor of public law (sp. internal security), Univ. from Reims Champagne-Ardenne|
|Mr. Alain HERVE||Professor of public law (sp. EU law), Rennes IEP|
|Mr. Sebastien JEAN||Director of the Center for Prospective Studies and International Information (CEPII)|
|Mr. Sebastien JEANNARD||Master of Requests at the Council of State, former Professor of Public Law (sp. Customs Law), Univ. from Poitiers|
|Mr Philippe MARTIN||Professor of economics (sp. international trade, macroeconomics), Sciences Po Paris|
|Ms Isabelle MEJEAN||Professor of economics (sp. international trade), Sciences Po Paris|
|Mrs Valerie MIGNON||Professor of Economics (sp. international macroeconomics), Univ. Paris X|
|Mrs Frederique PALLEZ||Professor in public management, Mines ParisTech|
|Mr. Eric PERRIN||Lecturer at the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Reims-Champagne-Ardenne, specialist in artificial intelligence and drones|
|Mr. Jean-Marc SOREL||Professor of public law (sp. international economic law), Univ. Paris I|
1Board of state. (April 2018). Taking risk into account in public decision-making. Proposal n° 3 “Develop the capacity for anticipation in the ministries and in the main local authorities”, states that: “A scientific council could be created, in each ministry or group of ministries […]. Each of these councils would meet in the presence of the minister and the directors of the central administration […] in order to stimulate their thinking and improve their ability to anticipate. They should work in liaison with the ministerial statistical services. The members of these councils will be, in particular, specialists in the exact and social sciences. »
2Members of the Scientific Council may be reimbursed for travel and meal expenses during Scientific Council sessions, or for the missions entrusted to them.
3Via, in particular, agreements for training through research in administration (COFRA) – In the process of being assessed.
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Customs Scientific Council
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