Data labeling, also known as data annotation, refers to the process of adding informative tags or labels to datasets. These labels, which could be any meaningful information related to the data points, aid in making the raw data understandable and usable for machine learning algorithms. Labeling can be applied to various types of data, including texts, images, videos, and audio.
In machine learning and artificial intelligence systems, labeled data serves as the ‘ground truth’ that enables the system to learn patterns and make predictions. A typical example would be training an image recognition algorithm where each image is labeled with information about what is present in the picture. The algorithm uses these labels during the learning process to recognize and classify unlabeled, new images in the future accurately.
Data labeling is of paramount importance in supervised machine learning, where the prediction model is trained using examples of input-output pairs. The quality of data labeling directly impacts the performance of machine learning models. Therefore, ensuring precise and consistent data labeling is crucial. While labeling can be time-consuming and resource-intensive, its central role in shaping AI models that can accurately interpret and analyze data makes it a vital process in the realm of machine learning and data science.« Back to Glossary Index