Deep Blue is a piece of historic technology developed by IBM, which was one of the earliest and most famous artificial intelligence systems. Created in the early 1990s, Deep Blue was a chess-playing computer that used brute force and strategic computations to master the game of chess. It’s best known for its matches against the world chess champion at the time, Garry Kasparov.
In May 1997, in a much-publicized event, Deep Blue became the first computer to beat a reigning world chess champion in a six-game match under standard time controls. This achievement was significant, marking a milestone in the development of artificial intelligence. The victory was seen as proof that AI technology could be developed to the point where it could outperform human intelligence in complex tasks, triggering broader conversations about the capabilities and implications of artificial intelligence.
Deep Blue’s historical significance lies not only in the advancement of computer chess but also in its impact on AI research and development. The project illustrated the potential capabilities of machine intelligence, sparking a surge in interest and investment in AI technology. Deep Blue opened the door for further advancements in AI, leading the way to the development of more sophisticated and versatile systems that today can drive cars, trade stocks, diagnose diseases, and much more.« Back to Glossary Index